South Sudan

Sudan & South Sudan oil concessions

Sudan, South Sudan Claim Oil Production Boon, But How Much?

South Sudan’s oil output is up 40% in the past year to 165,000 b/d as a cooperation agreement with Sudan comes to fruition, Juba claims. The figures may be inflated, but any increase in revenue is a welcome boost to two struggling economies. MEES, 8 February 2019 A resumption of production from fields in former [...]

Melut basin oil facilities South Sudan

South Sudan: China Oil displaces Unipec in Dar Blend marketing

African Energy, 26 July 2018 China Oil has displaced Unipec as the dominant marketer of South Sudan’s Dar Blend crude, lifting cargoes in all but two months of 2018. China Oil has been contracted to lift 9.2m bbls of crude so far this year, almost a third of the country’s 29.6m-bbl production, and 43% of [...]

South Sudan crude cargo diversions to Sudan were due to stop in June 2018, oil minister Ezekiel Gatkuoth told African Energy

South Sudan signals end to crude cargoes

African Energy, 26 July 2018 In lifting contracts agreed by Juba in early July for crude shipments in August, there is no cargo for Sudan Petroleum Corporation, signalling an end to the diversion of oil cargoes to Khartoum to pay South Sudan’s oil debts. Energy minister Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth said in February that the transfers [...]


South Sudan oil export revenues are at a 3-year high but crippling crude diversions to Khartoum mean Juba's net revenue is negligible

South Sudan Coffers Empty Amid Crippling Crude ‘Diversions’ To Khartoum

South Sudan has diverted crude worth $1.6bn to Sudan in the past three years to pay off arrears in transit and compensation levies. Despite claims to the contrary there appears to be no end in sight to such transfers. MEES, 11 May 2018 More than four years into a civil war that seems as impervious [...]

US has imposed sanctions on 15 oil-related companies in South Sudan

US imposes South Sudan oil sanctions

African Energy, 5 April 2018 The US government has imposed licensing restrictions on South Sudan’s Ministry of Petroleum, Ministry of Mining, state-owned Nile Petroleum Corporation (Nilepet) and 12 other oil-related organisations. The restrictions were issued on 21 March by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) at the US Department of Commerce “as part of [...]

Burial site of victims of ethnic violence in Wau South Sudan in 2016

Wau displaced tell of death and horrifying escapes

UN warns of ethnic cleansing under way in South Sudan, survivors recount how they escaped as violence erupted in Wau. Al Jazeera, 21 December 2016 Wau, South Sudan - Looting, killing, beatings and sexual assault were the hallmarks of ethnically motivated attacks against civilians by South Sudanese government forces in the town of Wau earlier this [...]


Civilians displaced from Wau by government violence in 2016 subsist on fruit

South Sudan: An ever-deepening cycle of violence

Al Jazeera, 9 July 2016  Thousands of civilians have been forcefully displaced from their homes by government soldiers and militiamen. IN PICTURES /AFRICA On the fifth anniversary of its independence from Khartoum, South Sudan finds itself plunged into an ever-deepening cycle of violence. Despite a peace agreement in August and the formation of a transitional [...]

Victim of government attacks against civilians in Wau, South Sudan, in June 2016

South Sudan: The 3-year-old victim of renewed fighting

Al Jazeera, 6 July 2016 There were 15 children inside, hiding under the bed. The soldiers started shooting indiscriminately. Wau, South Sudan – On the evening before her three-year-old granddaughter was killed by government soldiers, Mariana was adamant that she didn’t want to run. Her friends were contacting her to say that people were fleeing her [...]

In a now almost deserted part of town where security concerns are acute, the Holy Family Church in the Nazareth district is providing refuge to more than 5,000 people, according to the parish priest, Father Archangel. Locals buried about 17 people killed by government soldiers and militia in the grounds of family houses near the church. RICHARD NIELD/AL JAZEERA

South Sudan: Dozens killed as violence flares in Wau

Al Jazeera, 3 July 2016 Gangs of ethnic Dinka youths accused of targeting Fertit tribe in northwest city as tens of thousands flee their homes. Juba, South Sudan – Dozens of people have been killed and more than 120,000 displaced from their homes in a wave of fighting in Wau, one of South Sudan’s largest [...]


Nyayang Bol Biel, eight months pregnant, travelled hundreds of miles with her two children to reach the safety of Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya [Richard Nield/Al Jazeera]

Escape from Leer and South Sudan civil war

Al Jazeera, 29 December 2015 One woman’s struggle to survive the South Sudan conflict in leaving behind her homeland to seek refuge in Kenya. Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya Eight months pregnant and fearing for her life, Nyayang Bol Biel gathered up her two young children in the dead of night and prepared to embark on a [...]

South Sudan's president Salva Kiir Mayardit

South Sudan: Deal or no deal?

Warring parties have signed a peace agreement in South Sudan that paves the way for a transitional government. But key differences between the signatories means there is still no guarantee of a halt in fighting. Blog, 4 September 2015 On 26 August, South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, added his signature to a peace agreement signed [...]

South Sudan pushes for oil fields to reopen

African Energy – 11 September 2014 The government of South Sudan is pushing for the restart of production from outlying fields in the critical oil territory in Upper Nile, and is evaluating the resumption of output from shut-down fields in Unity State, according to a senior official at the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining. Production [...]


Block B in Jonglei, South Sudan

ExxonMobil set to pull out of consortium for South Sudan Block B

African Energy – 7 August 2014 ExxonMobil plans to withdraw from a consortium lined up to explore three oil blocks in South Sudan, according to sources in Juba. The blocks together make up Block B, a 118,000km2 area of Jonglei state divided into three in 2012.

Richard Nield talks on CNBC about South Sudan budget

South Sudan budget sets unrealistic expectations

CNBC – 25 July 2014 This is an interview I did on South Sudan’s unfathomable war budget for CNBC’s Closing Bell Africa programme.

South Sudan finance minister Aggrey Tisa

South Sudan draws up ‘War Budget’, but oil production targets unlikely to be reached

African Arguments – 18 July 2014 By the evidence of South Sudan’s budget, presented to parliament in late June, the country’s finance ministry has lost its mind. This time last year, the Government of South Sudan put forward what it described as a “two-step budget” that would boost social services and economic growth “in a [...]


Salva Kiir, president of South Sudan

Another toothless ceasefire for South Sudan

African Energy – 30 May 2014 On paper at least, the new ceasefire signed on 9 May between South Sudan President Salva Kiir and his opponent Riek Machar is a step forward. Not only does it recommit them to the terms of the 23 January ceasefire, but provisions for a transitional unity government and fresh [...]

South Sudan's foreign minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin

South Sudan talks continue amid violence

The cases of political detainees remain a sticking point in negotiations, says South Sudan’s foreign minister. Al Jazeera – 20 February 2014 Three weeks after a ceasefire agreement was signed on January 23, there are few signs that newly resumed peace talks are likely to bring an end to a conflict in South Sudan that [...]

Salva Kiir agrees deal on South Sudan oil exports

South Sudan officials charged with treason

Seven opposition leaders are accused of plotting a coup to overthrow President Salva Kiir’s government. Al Jazeera – 6 February 2014 An announcement by South Sudan’s government that it plans to charge seven leading opposition politicians with treason threatens to derail a fragile peace process just days after a ceasefire was signed in Addis Ababa. [...]


South Sudan's president Salva Kiir Mayardit

South Sudan ceasefire is only a first step

Under a peace agreement signed in Addis Ababa on 23 January, the government and dissident elements of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army have committed to ceasing “all military actions”, to “freeze their forces at the place they are in” and to “refrain from taking any actions that could lead to military confrontations”. They also agreed [...]

Omar al-Bashir, president of Sudan

South Sudan plays dangerous game of politics with Khartoum

African Energy – 16 January 2014 Reports that both the government of South Sudan and nominal opposition leader Riek Machar have been in talks with Khartoum over securing control of South Sudan’s oilfields have roused fears that the already bloody fight could escalate further. Speaking at Juba airport on 6 January at the conclusion of [...]

Oil production has been slashed by 100,000 b/d after the outbreak of fighting in December 2013. Photo by Charlton Doki

Sudan fighting slashes oil production

African Energy – 9 January 2014 A rebellion in South Sudan has already slashed oil output by around 100,000 b/d. Production from Unity State, amounting to more than 40,000 b/d, has completely ceased and there has been an estimated drop in output of more than 50,000 b/d from fields in Upper Nile State. In Unity [...]


Salva Kiir agrees deal on South Sudan oil exports

Sudan-South Sudan relations: Now for (yet another) hard part

Focus turns to political challenges as Sudan and South Sudan reach deal on oil 9 September 2013 Now that Khartoum has agreed to drop its threat to prevent South Sudanese oil exports via its pipeline infrastructure, a series of political challenges remain if the two countries are to continue to co-operate on the energy sector [...]

Riek Machar

South Sudan politics: Machar mulls his moves

6th August 2013 The Economist SPEAKING from his government house in the centre of South Sudan’s capital, Juba, Riek Machar knows that it will not be his home for much longer. The man who had been the country’s vice-president since its secession from Sudan two years ago was unceremoniously sacked, along with the entire cabinet, [...]

The directors, Anne Poiret and Florence Martin-Kessler

State Builders: the making of South Sudan

On 31 May, the Frontline Club hosted a screening of State Builders, a unique film documenting the immense challenges faced by the new state of South Sudan, which became the world’s newest nation on 9 July 2011. Directed by Florence Martin-Kessler and Anne Poiret, the film gives a penetrating insight into what was happening behind [...]