Sectors

Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

Algeria’s Regime Under Threat

MEES, 8 March 2019 Hundreds of thousands of Algerians have taken to the streets to demand an end to the 20-year presidency of Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Just five weeks remain before planned presidential elections on 18 April, at which the 82-year-old Bouteflika is running for a controversial fifth term. There have been protests against the regime [...]

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir faces protests calling for his resignation

Gulf Loses Patience With Sudan

As protests against the 30-year regime of Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir enter a third month the reluctance of traditional Gulf allies to provide financial backing leaves him increasingly isolated. MEES, 22 February 2019 More than two months since protests began on 19 December against an increase in the price of bread and other basic commodities, [...]

Sudan & South Sudan oil concessions

Sudan, South Sudan Claim Oil Production Boon, But How Much?

South Sudan’s oil output is up 40% in the past year to 165,000 b/d as a cooperation agreement with Sudan comes to fruition, Juba claims. The figures may be inflated, but any increase in revenue is a welcome boost to two struggling economies. MEES, 8 February 2019 A resumption of production from fields in former [...]


Sonatrach CEO Abdelmoumen Ould Kaddour is restructuring the state oil company in an effort to address the slump in Algeria’s oil and gas output

Sonatrach: Can Shake-Up Haul Lumbering Behemoth Into The 21st Century?

MEES, 24 August 2018 Sonatrach president Abdelmoumen Ould Kaddour has been quietly carrying out a major restructuring of the firm’s management, including the creation of several new divisions and a change of personnel in other key posts. The changes include the creation of three new vice-president positions: VP finance, to which executive finance director Mohamed [...]

Libya oil infrastructure map

Libya: Fractured Institutions Fail To Distribute Oil Revenue Gains

MEES, 24 August 2018 Libya’s oil production recovered to more than 1mn b/d in mid-August following a collapse to just 400,000 b/d early in July. The reopening of key export terminals in the east of the country has enabled a resumption of production from oil fields in the Sirte basin ( MEES, 13 July ). [...]

Libya government budget and finances H1 2018

Libya’s Financial Black Hole

MEES, 17 August 2018 Libya near-balanced its budget in 1H 2018. But this was ‘thanks’ to chronic state weakness that left spending 21% under budget. Revenues were up with higher oil prices, but non-oil revenue remains abysmal. The UN plans an audit of Libya’s finances in a bid to help tackle corruption. But, if the [...]


UN Special Envoy to Libya Ghassan Salamé

Libya Election Timetable To Slip Further Amid Factional Divisions

MEES, 27 July 2018 Libya’s parliament, the House of Representatives (HOR) is poised to vote on the terms of a planned referendum on constitutional changes, with a timetable in place for elections by the end of the year. But after another round of damaging politicking in recent weeks, there is little chance that the plans [...]

Melut basin oil facilities South Sudan

South Sudan: China Oil displaces Unipec in Dar Blend marketing

African Energy, 26 July 2018 China Oil has displaced Unipec as the dominant marketer of South Sudan’s Dar Blend crude, lifting cargoes in all but two months of 2018. China Oil has been contracted to lift 9.2m bbls of crude so far this year, almost a third of the country’s 29.6m-bbl production, and 43% of [...]

South Sudan crude cargo diversions to Sudan were due to stop in June 2018, oil minister Ezekiel Gatkuoth told African Energy

South Sudan signals end to crude cargoes

African Energy, 26 July 2018 In lifting contracts agreed by Juba in early July for crude shipments in August, there is no cargo for Sudan Petroleum Corporation, signalling an end to the diversion of oil cargoes to Khartoum to pay South Sudan’s oil debts. Energy minister Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth said in February that the transfers [...]


South Sudan oil export revenues are at a 3-year high but crippling crude diversions to Khartoum mean Juba's net revenue is negligible

South Sudan Coffers Empty Amid Crippling Crude ‘Diversions’ To Khartoum

South Sudan has diverted crude worth $1.6bn to Sudan in the past three years to pay off arrears in transit and compensation levies. Despite claims to the contrary there appears to be no end in sight to such transfers. MEES, 11 May 2018 More than four years into a civil war that seems as impervious [...]

US has imposed sanctions on 15 oil-related companies in South Sudan

US imposes South Sudan oil sanctions

African Energy, 5 April 2018 The US government has imposed licensing restrictions on South Sudan’s Ministry of Petroleum, Ministry of Mining, state-owned Nile Petroleum Corporation (Nilepet) and 12 other oil-related organisations. The restrictions were issued on 21 March by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) at the US Department of Commerce “as part of [...]

Start-up of Timimoun development on Southwest Gas Project heralds record Algeria gas production in 2018

Algeria Gas Set For Record 2018 With Start-Up Of Key Southwest Fields

MEES, 2 March 2018 Algeria’s 2017 gas output was only just shy of record levels set the previous year. With the second of two key ‘Southwest Gas Project’ components starting up this week, the country can expect new records in 2018. The 24 February start-up of output at the Timimoun gas field makes it the [...]


Algeria gas output losses from project delays 2013-20 (bcm)

Delayed Projects To Shave Cumulative 80bcm From Algeria’s Gas Output By 2020

MEES, 14 July 2017 If the Timimoun and Touat projects had come on stream in early 2014, Ahnet at the beginning of 2015 and Reggane North at the beginning of 2016 – targets that back in 2010 looked conservative – and assuming they maintained plateau rates until the end of June this year, they would [...]

Burial site of victims of ethnic violence in Wau South Sudan in 2016

Wau displaced tell of death and horrifying escapes

UN warns of ethnic cleansing under way in South Sudan, survivors recount how they escaped as violence erupted in Wau. Al Jazeera, 21 December 2016 Wau, South Sudan - Looting, killing, beatings and sexual assault were the hallmarks of ethnically motivated attacks against civilians by South Sudanese government forces in the town of Wau earlier this [...]

Frontlines in Yemen conflict October 2016

No Winners In Yemen As Untenable War Drags On

MEES, 28 October 2016 War in Yemen is becoming increasingly intolerable for almost all the players involved, but still there is no sign of a negotiated way out of the conflict, making a de facto partition of the country a possibility. The current phase of a long-running war in Yemen has endured since September 2015 [...]


Civilians displaced from Wau by government violence in 2016 subsist on fruit

South Sudan: An ever-deepening cycle of violence

Al Jazeera, 9 July 2016  Thousands of civilians have been forcefully displaced from their homes by government soldiers and militiamen. IN PICTURES /AFRICA On the fifth anniversary of its independence from Khartoum, South Sudan finds itself plunged into an ever-deepening cycle of violence. Despite a peace agreement in August and the formation of a transitional [...]

Victim of government attacks against civilians in Wau, South Sudan, in June 2016

South Sudan: The 3-year-old victim of renewed fighting

Al Jazeera, 6 July 2016 There were 15 children inside, hiding under the bed. The soldiers started shooting indiscriminately. Wau, South Sudan – On the evening before her three-year-old granddaughter was killed by government soldiers, Mariana was adamant that she didn’t want to run. Her friends were contacting her to say that people were fleeing her [...]

In a now almost deserted part of town where security concerns are acute, the Holy Family Church in the Nazareth district is providing refuge to more than 5,000 people, according to the parish priest, Father Archangel. Locals buried about 17 people killed by government soldiers and militia in the grounds of family houses near the church. RICHARD NIELD/AL JAZEERA

South Sudan: Dozens killed as violence flares in Wau

Al Jazeera, 3 July 2016 Gangs of ethnic Dinka youths accused of targeting Fertit tribe in northwest city as tens of thousands flee their homes. Juba, South Sudan – Dozens of people have been killed and more than 120,000 displaced from their homes in a wave of fighting in Wau, one of South Sudan’s largest [...]


Nyayang Bol Biel, eight months pregnant, travelled hundreds of miles with her two children to reach the safety of Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya [Richard Nield/Al Jazeera]

Escape from Leer and South Sudan civil war

Al Jazeera, 29 December 2015 One woman’s struggle to survive the South Sudan conflict in leaving behind her homeland to seek refuge in Kenya. Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya Eight months pregnant and fearing for her life, Nyayang Bol Biel gathered up her two young children in the dead of night and prepared to embark on a [...]

ISIS in the Middle East & North Africa, 2015

North Africa Security Special Report: Too Late To Roll Back Islamic State?

MEES, 18 September 2015 The growing presence of terrorist movements across North Africa, particularly in Libya, threatens to destabilize the whole region. Even in the best case scenario, involving a peace deal in Libya, there is no prospect of an end to the threat posed by Islamic State. Overseas investment in the region will continue to [...]

South Sudan's president Salva Kiir Mayardit

South Sudan: Deal or no deal?

Warring parties have signed a peace agreement in South Sudan that paves the way for a transitional government. But key differences between the signatories means there is still no guarantee of a halt in fighting. Blog, 4 September 2015 On 26 August, South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, added his signature to a peace agreement signed [...]


South Sudan pushes for oil fields to reopen

African Energy – 11 September 2014 The government of South Sudan is pushing for the restart of production from outlying fields in the critical oil territory in Upper Nile, and is evaluating the resumption of output from shut-down fields in Unity State, according to a senior official at the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining. Production [...]

President Bouteflika's ailing health has left him confined to a wheelchair

Bouteflika debate consumes Algerian politics

Opponents question the ailing president’s fitness to govern, but critics say the country lacks a credible alternative. Al Jazeera – 8 August 2014 Last month, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika surpassed the 100-day mark of his term after winning an unprecedented fourth mandate on April 17. In other parts of the world, the 100-day point presents [...]

Block B in Jonglei, South Sudan

ExxonMobil set to pull out of consortium for South Sudan Block B

African Energy – 7 August 2014 ExxonMobil plans to withdraw from a consortium lined up to explore three oil blocks in South Sudan, according to sources in Juba. The blocks together make up Block B, a 118,000km2 area of Jonglei state divided into three in 2012.