Politics

Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

Algeria’s Regime Under Threat

MEES, 8 March 2019 Hundreds of thousands of Algerians have taken to the streets to demand an end to the 20-year presidency of Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Just five weeks remain before planned presidential elections on 18 April, at which the 82-year-old Bouteflika is running for a controversial fifth term. There have been protests against the regime [...]

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir faces protests calling for his resignation

Gulf Loses Patience With Sudan

As protests against the 30-year regime of Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir enter a third month the reluctance of traditional Gulf allies to provide financial backing leaves him increasingly isolated. MEES, 22 February 2019 More than two months since protests began on 19 December against an increase in the price of bread and other basic commodities, [...]

Sudan & South Sudan oil concessions

Sudan, South Sudan Claim Oil Production Boon, But How Much?

South Sudan’s oil output is up 40% in the past year to 165,000 b/d as a cooperation agreement with Sudan comes to fruition, Juba claims. The figures may be inflated, but any increase in revenue is a welcome boost to two struggling economies. MEES, 8 February 2019 A resumption of production from fields in former [...]


Libya oil infrastructure map

Libya: Fractured Institutions Fail To Distribute Oil Revenue Gains

MEES, 24 August 2018 Libya’s oil production recovered to more than 1mn b/d in mid-August following a collapse to just 400,000 b/d early in July. The reopening of key export terminals in the east of the country has enabled a resumption of production from oil fields in the Sirte basin ( MEES, 13 July ). [...]

Libya government budget and finances H1 2018

Libya’s Financial Black Hole

MEES, 17 August 2018 Libya near-balanced its budget in 1H 2018. But this was ‘thanks’ to chronic state weakness that left spending 21% under budget. Revenues were up with higher oil prices, but non-oil revenue remains abysmal. The UN plans an audit of Libya’s finances in a bid to help tackle corruption. But, if the [...]

UN Special Envoy to Libya Ghassan Salamé

Libya Election Timetable To Slip Further Amid Factional Divisions

MEES, 27 July 2018 Libya’s parliament, the House of Representatives (HOR) is poised to vote on the terms of a planned referendum on constitutional changes, with a timetable in place for elections by the end of the year. But after another round of damaging politicking in recent weeks, there is little chance that the plans [...]


South Sudan crude cargo diversions to Sudan were due to stop in June 2018, oil minister Ezekiel Gatkuoth told African Energy

South Sudan signals end to crude cargoes

African Energy, 26 July 2018 In lifting contracts agreed by Juba in early July for crude shipments in August, there is no cargo for Sudan Petroleum Corporation, signalling an end to the diversion of oil cargoes to Khartoum to pay South Sudan’s oil debts. Energy minister Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth said in February that the transfers [...]

Burial site of victims of ethnic violence in Wau South Sudan in 2016

Wau displaced tell of death and horrifying escapes

UN warns of ethnic cleansing under way in South Sudan, survivors recount how they escaped as violence erupted in Wau. Al Jazeera, 21 December 2016 Wau, South Sudan - Looting, killing, beatings and sexual assault were the hallmarks of ethnically motivated attacks against civilians by South Sudanese government forces in the town of Wau earlier this [...]

South Sudan's president Salva Kiir Mayardit

South Sudan: Deal or no deal?

Warring parties have signed a peace agreement in South Sudan that paves the way for a transitional government. But key differences between the signatories means there is still no guarantee of a halt in fighting. Blog, 4 September 2015 On 26 August, South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, added his signature to a peace agreement signed [...]


President Bouteflika's ailing health has left him confined to a wheelchair

Bouteflika debate consumes Algerian politics

Opponents question the ailing president’s fitness to govern, but critics say the country lacks a credible alternative. Al Jazeera – 8 August 2014 Last month, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika surpassed the 100-day mark of his term after winning an unprecedented fourth mandate on April 17. In other parts of the world, the 100-day point presents [...]

Erdogan lined up for victory in presidential election

Erdogan lined up for victory in presidential polls

Frontline Club – 25 July 2014 Turkey’s prime minister Racep Tayyip Erdogan will win next month’s presidential elections and become the country’s first directly elected president, according to a panel of experts assembled at the Frontline Club on 22 July 2014.

Salva Kiir, president of South Sudan

Another toothless ceasefire for South Sudan

African Energy – 30 May 2014 On paper at least, the new ceasefire signed on 9 May between South Sudan President Salva Kiir and his opponent Riek Machar is a step forward. Not only does it recommit them to the terms of the 23 January ceasefire, but provisions for a transitional unity government and fresh [...]


Algerian independent opposition candidate Kamal Benkoussa

Silence please, Algeria is dying: an interview with Kamal Benkoussa

The Atlantic Council – 17 April 2014 Today is Election Day in Algeria and analysts predict that the aging and ailing incumbent President Abdelaziz Bouteflika stands to win yet another term in office, effectively making him president for life. The political space has remained closed since the government canceled the country’s first democratic elections in [...]

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Algeria

Bouteflika win likely in Algeria amid dissent

Despite unprecedented opposition protests, Algerians are poised to re-elect president to fourth term. Al Jazeera – 13 April 2014 A group of protesters gathered last month at Algiers University in the centre of the city, ready to demonstrate against Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s decision to run for a fourth consecutive term as president of Algeria. Police were [...]

Algeria's president Bouteflika

Algeria: A fourth term for Bouteflika?

Establishment has rallied around ailing president’s decision to run for another term, but many Algerians want change. Al Jazeera – 2 March 2014 The announcement by Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal on February 22 that Algeria’s president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, intends to stand for a fourth term in the upcoming presidential elections is a blow to [...]


South Sudan's foreign minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin

South Sudan talks continue amid violence

The cases of political detainees remain a sticking point in negotiations, says South Sudan’s foreign minister. Al Jazeera – 20 February 2014 Three weeks after a ceasefire agreement was signed on January 23, there are few signs that newly resumed peace talks are likely to bring an end to a conflict in South Sudan that [...]

Salva Kiir agrees deal on South Sudan oil exports

South Sudan officials charged with treason

Seven opposition leaders are accused of plotting a coup to overthrow President Salva Kiir’s government. Al Jazeera – 6 February 2014 An announcement by South Sudan’s government that it plans to charge seven leading opposition politicians with treason threatens to derail a fragile peace process just days after a ceasefire was signed in Addis Ababa. [...]

South Sudan's president Salva Kiir Mayardit

South Sudan ceasefire is only a first step

Under a peace agreement signed in Addis Ababa on 23 January, the government and dissident elements of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army have committed to ceasing “all military actions”, to “freeze their forces at the place they are in” and to “refrain from taking any actions that could lead to military confrontations”. They also agreed [...]


Omar al-Bashir, president of Sudan

South Sudan plays dangerous game of politics with Khartoum

African Energy – 16 January 2014 Reports that both the government of South Sudan and nominal opposition leader Riek Machar have been in talks with Khartoum over securing control of South Sudan’s oilfields have roused fears that the already bloody fight could escalate further. Speaking at Juba airport on 6 January at the conclusion of [...]

Salva Kiir agrees deal on South Sudan oil exports

Sudan-South Sudan relations: Now for (yet another) hard part

Focus turns to political challenges as Sudan and South Sudan reach deal on oil 9 September 2013 Now that Khartoum has agreed to drop its threat to prevent South Sudanese oil exports via its pipeline infrastructure, a series of political challenges remain if the two countries are to continue to co-operate on the energy sector [...]

Riek Machar

South Sudan politics: Machar mulls his moves

6th August 2013 The Economist SPEAKING from his government house in the centre of South Sudan’s capital, Juba, Riek Machar knows that it will not be his home for much longer. The man who had been the country’s vice-president since its secession from Sudan two years ago was unceremoniously sacked, along with the entire cabinet, [...]


Salva Kiir

Sudan-South Sudan oil deal has its limits

17th April 2013 Foreign Policy – The Middle East Channel Sudan and South Sudan reached a deal in the early hours of March 12, after a week of negotiations in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, which should spark the beginning of exports of South Sudanese oil from Sudan’s Port Sudan, on the Red Sea coast, for [...]

Sexual violence Congo DRC Frontline Club I Dream of Congo

Violence in DR Congo could abate if international community takes decisive action

15 February 2013 Frontline Club More than 5m people have died in fighting in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 1998. But now there may be a window of opportunity for the international community to take action. The coming year could be a window of opportunity for the international community to tackle the violence [...]

Political change fails to quell unrest in Tunisia

10 January 2013 MEED When President Moncef Marzouki visited the small town of Sidi Bouzid in western Tunisia on 17 December, he met with a hostile reception. In a conscious echo of the protests in January 2011 that brought the end of the 23-year rule of Marzouki’s predecessor, Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, demonstrators chanted “the [...]